The city is located in the North Central Hills region of Mississippi. Two civilians were killed by gunshot wounds, and the riot spread into adjacent areas of the city of Oxford. The area is higher and greater in relief than areas to the west (such as the Mississippi Delta or loess bluffs along the Delta), but lower in elevation than areas in northeast Mississippi. As of the 2010 US Census, the population was 18,916; the Census Bureau estimated the city's 2019 population at 28,122. The place of "Twelfth Street", however, is taken by North and South Lamar Boulevard (formerly North Street and South Street). POPULATION Oxford's population is 22,092 people. Now, the museum pays tribute to its role in the Civil War era.
During the American Civil War, Oxford was occupied by Union Army troops under Generals Ulysses S. Grant and William T. Sherman in 1862; in 1864 Major General Andrew Jackson Smith burned the buildings in the town square, including the county courthouse. It features a confederate statue next to its courthouse, which was designed by the same architect that designed the statue in Holly Springs, Mississippi. The city operates public transportation under the name Oxford-University Transit (OUT), with bus routes throughout the city and University of Mississippi campus. In addition to the historic Lafayette County Courthouse, the Square is known for an abundance of locally owned restaurants, specialty boutiques, and professional offices, along with Oxford City Hall.  They named it "Oxford", intending to promote it as a center of learning in the Old Southwest. The population density is 1,311 per sq mi which is 1948% higher than the Mississippi average and 1347% higher than the national average. Oxford is located at the confluence of highways from eight directions: Mississippi Highway 6 (now co-signed with US-278) runs west 25 miles (40 km) to Batesville and east 31 miles (50 km) to Pontotoc; Highway 7 runs north 30 miles (48 km) to Holly Springs and south 18 miles (29 km) to Water Valley. During the Civil Rights Movement, Oxford drew national attention in the Ole Miss riot of 1962.  Ole Miss students and faculty ride free upon showing University identification. State officials, including Governor Ross Barnett, prevented James Meredith, an African American, from enrolling at the University of Mississippi, even after the federal courts had ruled that he be admitted. In 2019, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated the population was 885,708, making it the 15th-most populous city in the United States. The museum houses a permanent exhibit on African American history that spans from slavery through the Civil Rights Movement. Population of Oxford, MS. Last official estimated population of Oxford city (Lafayette County**, Mississippi state) was 21,757 (year 2014) .This was 0.007% of total US population and 0.73% of total Mississippi state population. As of the 2010 US Census, the population was 18,916; the Census Bureau estimated the city's 2019 population at 28,122. 107 Courthouse Square - Oxford, Mississippi - 38655 Phone: 662-236-1310 Fax: 662-232-2337
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